Immigrate



Provincial nominees

Skilled workers and professionals

Quebec-selected skilled workers

Canadian Experience Class

Investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people

Sponsoring your family

Live-in caregivers

Provincial nominees



Persons who immigrate to Canada under the Provincial Nominee Program have the skills, education and work experience needed to make an immediate economic contribution to the province or territory that nominates them. They have been assessed as being able to economically establish themselves successfully as permanent residents in Canada.

To apply under the Provincial Nominee Program, applicants must be nominated by a Canadian province or territory. Because the criteria for provincial nomination are determined by the individual provinces and territories, they can change without notice. Please check the website of the appropriate province or territory to find the most up-to-date information.

Before you apply, make sure you are familiar with the current application procedures. After you apply, make sure to visit this Web page again, so that you can follow the next steps.

Determine your eligibility

To immigrate to Canada as a provincial nominee, you must first apply to the province or territory where you wish to settle and complete its provincial nomination process.

Apply

After you have been nominated by a province or territory, you must make a separate application to CIC to apply for permanent residence.

Making an application to immigrate to Canada is straightforward. Follow the steps described below.

1. Get a certificate of provincial nomination

2. Get an application package

3. Pay application fees

4. Submit application

Check processing times

Find out how long it will take CIC to process your application.

After you apply: get next steps

Find out what you should do after you apply to come to Canada as a provincial nominee.

Prepare for arrival

Be prepared and know what to expect when you arrive in Canada.

When you arrive in Canada, you will be greeted by an officer from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).

The officer will ask to see your passport and other travel documents. Make sure they are not packed in your luggage, and that you have them with you. This will help speed up your entry to Canada.

You must present the following documents upon your arrival:

  • Your valid passport and/or travel documents. Your passport must be a regular, private passport. You cannot immigrate to Canada with a diplomatic, government service or public affairs passport.

  • Your valid permanent resident visa and your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). The officer will make sure you are entering Canada before or on the expiry date shown on your permanent resident visa. Please note that this document cannot be extended; therefore, you should make sure to use it before it expires.

  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family after you arrive in Canada.
The officer will ask you a few questions to confirm that you still meet the requirements to immigrate to Canada. They will be similar to the ones you answered on your application for permanent residence.

You will not be allowed into Canada if you give false or incomplete information, or if you do not satisfy the officer that you meet the requirements for entry into Canada.

If there are no problems at the point of entry, the officer will authorize you to enter Canada as a permanent resident. The officer will also confirm your Canadian mailing address. Your permanent resident card will be mailed to you at this address. If you change your address within 180 days of arriving in Canada, you must notify CIC using this online tool.
Skilled workers and professionals



Federal skilled workers (FSW) are selected as permanent residents based on their education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and other criteria that have been shown to help them become economically established in Canada.

The rules for applying as a FSW can change from time to time without notice, so make sure you visit this site regularly if you are considering immigrating to Canada under this category.

Determine your eligibility


Apply

Follow the steps to apply as a FSW.
Note: As of July 1, 2012, CIC has temporarily stopped accepting applications for the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP). This temporary pause does not apply to those with a qualifying job offer or applying under the PhD stream. We will likely start accepting applications again in 2013 when proposed changes to FSWP selection criteria take effect.

To apply as a federal skilled worker (FSW), there are three steps:
  1. Get the application package

  2. Pay your application fees

  3. Submit your application

Check processing times

Find out how long it will take CIC to process your application.

After you apply: get next steps

Find out what you should do after you apply to come to Canada as a FSW.

Prepare for arrival

Be prepared and know what to expect when you arrive in Canada.

Note: The province of Quebec is responsible for selecting its own skilled workers. If you plan on living in Quebec, see Quebec-selected skilled workers for more information.
Quebec-selected skilled workers



Under the Canada-Quebec Accord, Quebec establishes its own immigration requirements and selects immigrants who will adapt to living in Quebec.

If you want to go to Quebec as a skilled worker, you must first apply to the Quebec government for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). The criteria for obtaining a CSQ are determined by the Quebec government.

When you are ready to apply for permanent residence, return to this section.

Determine your eligibility

Find the other eligibility criteria (separate from the province of Quebec) that will allow you to immigrate as a Quebec-selected skilled worker (QSW).

Quebec-selected skilled workers must apply in two stages.

You must first apply to the Quebec government for a certificate of selection (Certificat de sélection du Québec). This is the official document that shows that the Government of Quebec has accepted you to that province. Visit the website of the Quebec ministry that handles immigration for more information on how to obtain a certificate.

Quebec-selected skilled workers are assessed according to Quebec's own selection factors.

If you are applying from Haiti, find out about Quebec-Haiti Humanitarian Sponsorship.

After you have been selected by Quebec, you must make a separate application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence.

As part of the process, you will be required to have a medical exam from a physician on Canada's list of Panel Physicians as well as police certificates checks. CIC requires these checks for all immigrants, regardless of where they intend to settle in Canada.

Apply

After you have been approved by the province of Quebec, you have to make a separate application to CIC to apply for permanent residence.

If you are applying from Haiti, find out about Quebec-Haiti Humanitarian Sponsorship.

Follow the steps below to apply to immigrate to Canada as a Quebec-selected skilled worker.

1. Get a Quebec certificate of selection

2. Get the application package

3. Pay your application fees

4. Submit your application

Check processing times

Find out how long it will take CIC to process your application.

After you apply: get next steps

Find out what you should do after you apply to come to Canada as a QSW.

Prepare for arrival

Be prepared and know what to expect when you arrive in Canada.

When you arrive in Canada, you will be greeted by an officer from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).

The officer will ask to see your passport and other travel documents. Make sure they are not packed in your luggage, and that you have them with you. This will help speed up your entry to Canada.

You must present the following documents upon your arrival:

  • Your valid passport and/or travel documents. Your passport must be a regular, private passport. You cannot immigrate to Canada with a diplomatic, government service or public affairs passport.

  • Your valid permanent resident visa and your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). The officer will make sure you are entering Canada before or on the expiry date shown on your permanent resident visa. Please note that this document cannot be extended; therefore, you should make sure to use it before it expires.

  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family after you arrive in Canada.
The officer will ask you a few questions to confirm that you still meet the requirements to immigrate to Canada. They will be similar to the ones you answered on your application for permanent residence.

You will not be allowed into Canada if you give false or incomplete information, or if you do not satisfy the officer that you meet the requirements for entry into Canada.

If there are no problems at the point of entry, the officer will authorize you to enter Canada as a permanent resident. The officer will also confirm your Canadian mailing address. Your permanent resident card will be mailed to you at this address. If you change your address within 180 days of arriving in Canada, you must notify CIC using this online tool.


If you speak French, you should know that there are plenty of French-speaking communities outside Quebec that are also excited about welcoming you.

Working in Canada Tool

If you need help finding out what your occupation is called in Canada and what jobs are open across the country, you can use the Working in Canada Tool. It will give you a detailed labour market report that includes information on wages and job opportunities for your occupation and city where you would like to work. It can help you prepare to work in Canada before you travel and after you arrive.

Canadian Experience Class



If you are a temporary foreign worker or a foreign student who graduated in Canada, you often have the qualities to make a successful transition from temporary to permanent residence. You are familiar with Canadian society and can contribute to the Canadian economy. You should have knowledge of English or French and qualifying work experience.

Applying to stay in Canada permanently in your case is simple. You can do so under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

Determine your eligibility

Find out if you are eligible to apply for permanent residence under the CEC.

You must meet these minimum requirements to apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class. You must:

  • plan to live outside the province of Quebec
  • be either:
    • a temporary foreign worker with at least two years of full-time (or equivalent) skilled work experience in Canada, or

    • a foreign graduate from a Canadian post-secondary institution with at least one year of full-time (or equivalent) skilled work experience in Canada
  • have gained your experience in Canada with the proper work or study permit

  • apply while working in Canada or within one year of leaving your job in Canada

  • include the results of an independent language test (from an agency designated by CIC) showing you meet the minimum language requirements with your application

Apply

Follow the steps required to apply under the CEC.

Follow these steps to apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class:

1. Get application package

2. Pay application fees

3. Submit your application

Check processing times

Find out how long it will take CIC to process your application under the CEC.

After you apply: get next steps

Find out what happens after you apply under the CEC.

Once CIC has made a decision on your application, you will be sent a letter explaining the steps to take.

CIC's Call Centre cannot answer questions about applications under the Canadian Experience Class. You must wait for an initial confirmation from CIC that your application has been received. This may take up to three months after applying.

The initial confirmation will explain the next steps.

If accepted, you will be sent a letter explaining your options to gain permanent residence, the final step. This means meeting with an immigration officer. You will need to make sure you have:

  • your valid passport or travel documents. Your passport must be a regular, private passport. You cannot immigrate to Canada with a diplomatic, government service or public affairs passport.

  • your valid permanent resident visa, and your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). The officer will make sure you complete this final step before or on the expiry date on your permanent resident visa. Please note that this document cannot be extended. Make sure you use it before it expires.
The officer will ask you a few questions to make sure you still meet the requirements to immigrate to Canada. The questions will be similar to the ones you answered on your Application for Permanent Residence in Canada. This should only take a few minutes.

Your application will be denied if you give false or incomplete information, or if you do not satisfy the officer that you meet the requirements to become a permanent resident of Canada.

If there are no problems during this final step, the officer will grant you permanent resident status. The officer will also confirm your Canadian mailing address. Your permanent resident card will be mailed to you at this address.

Investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people



The Business Immigration Program seeks to attract experienced business people to Canada who will support the development of a strong and prosperous Canadian economy.

Business immigrants are expected to make a C$800,000 investment or to own and manage businesses in Canada, and must meet certain experience and/or net worth criteria.

The criteria you must meet to qualify are different for each class. Find out if you can immigrate in one of these classes:

  • Investors

  • Entrepreneurs

  • Self-employed
The Immigrant Investor Program (IIP) aims to attract experienced business people to contribute to Canada's growth and long-term prosperity by making a sizable investment into the Canadian economy. Investors seeking permanent residence must:

  • show that they have business experience

  • have a minimum net worth of C$1,600,000 that was obtained legally and

  • make a C$800,000 investment.
Your investment is administered by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and is guaranteed by the Canadian provinces that use it to create jobs and help their economies grow.

If your application is approved, you must make your investment before a permanent resident visa will be issued. You must usually do this within 30 days. The visa office will send you a letter with instructions. Learn more about making your investment.

CIC will return your C$800,000 investment, without interest, about five years and three months after payment.


Note: CIC has temporarily stopped accepting applications for the federal entrepreneur program. Only applications received before July 1, 2011, will be processed. This temporary pause will continue until further notice.

The Entrepreneur Program seeks to attract experienced business persons who will own and actively manage businesses in Canada that contribute to the economy and create jobs.

Check processing times

After you apply: get next steps

Prepare for arrival


The Self-Employed Persons Program seeks to attract applicants who intend and are able to become self-employed in Canada. Self-employed persons must have either:

  • relevant experience and the intention as well as the ability to make a significant contribution to the cultural or athletic life of Canada; or

  • experience in farm management and the intention as well as the ability to purchase and manage a farm in Canada.
Determine your eligibility

Apply

Check processing times

After you apply: get next steps

Prepare for arrival


Each application can be made for only one class and the class cannot be changed once the application is submitted. The criteria you must meet to qualify are different for each class.

Sponsoring your family



Effective October 25, 2012, sponsored spouses or partners must now live together in a legitimate relationship with their sponsor for two years from the day they receive permanent residence status in Canada.

If you are a spouse or partner being sponsored to come to Canada, this applies to you if:

  • You are being sponsored by a permanent resident or Canadian citizen

  • You have been in a relationship for two years or less with your sponsor

  • You have no children in common

  • Your application was received on or after October 25, 2012
Learn more about the new conditional permanent residence measure for spouses and partners.

If you are a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada, you can sponsor your spouse, conjugal or common-law partner, dependent child (including adopted child) or other eligible relative to become a permanent resident under the Family Class (FC).

If your family member is a permanent resident, they can live, study and work in Canada.

There are two different processes for sponsoring your family under the FC. One process is used for sponsoring your spouse, conjugal or common-law partner and/or dependent children. Another process is used to sponsor other eligible relatives.

Sponsor your spouse, partner or dependent children

If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you may sponsor your spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner, or dependent children to come to Canada as permanent residents. Learn more about sponsoring your spouse, partner or children.

Sponsor your other eligible relatives

If you are a citizen or permanent resident of Canada, you may be able to sponsor a relative to become a permanent resident under the FC. Learn more about sponsoring other eligible relatives.

Live-in caregivers



Live-in caregivers are individuals who are qualified to provide care for children, elderly persons or persons with disabilities in private homes without supervision. Live-in caregivers must live in the private home where they work in Canada.

Both the employer and the employee must follow several steps to meet the requirements of the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP).

Determine your eligibility

Discover if you are eligible to apply to the LCP.

Apply

Follow the steps to apply to be a live-in caregiver in Canada.

Live-in caregivers are individuals who are qualified to provide care for children, elderly persons or persons with disabilities in private homes without supervision. Live-in caregivers must live in the private home where they work in Canada.

Follow these steps to apply:

1. Get a Labour Market Opinion (LMO) from your future employer

2. Sign a written contract with your future employer

3. Apply for a work permit

Check processing times

Find out how long it will take Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to process your application.

After you apply: get next steps

Learn what you should do after you apply to be a live-in caregiver.

After the visa office begins to process your live-in caregiver work permit application, you will be invited to an interview. A visa officer will interview you to make sure you meet all the requirements of the program. You will also get instructions for medical tests and background security checks.

After you pass the medical examination and security screening and meet all other requirements, you will receive a letter of approval. The work permit will be issued only upon your arrival in Canada.

A work permit is not a travel document. The visa office will also issue a Canadian temporary resident visa if you need one to enter Canada. The visa officer will put it in your passport at the same time as they issue your authorization letter for a work permit.

Remember, you must also get a passport from your home country. Citizens and permanent residents of the United States, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon and Greenland do not need a passport or a temporary resident visa to enter Canada. However, they must provide proof of citizenship or permanent residence, such as a national identity card or an alien registration card.

Prepare for arrival

Prepare for your arrival in Canada.

Extend your work permit

You are responsible to make sure your work permit is extended before the expiry date. Find out more about extending your work permit.

Become a permanent resident

Find out if you are eligible to become a permanent resident of Canada.

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